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Bib of Philosophy by Alpha

 

“Beer in the Middle Ages 400 C.E.-.” [Online] Retrieved September 25, 2000

                http://www.arches.uga.edu/~athbrew/history_of_beer_2.htm

                [Note: Neolithic, Iron Ages, 31 BCE, 1593 CE, Clovis 1, Charlemagne 768-814,Holy Grail, King John,

                beer witches, German Beer Purity Law,] [could this be why Germany produced so many scalars?]

 

“German Beer Purity Law.”  TED Case Studies. January 11, 1997. [Online] Retrieved September 25, 2000.

                http://www.american.edu/projects/mandala/TED/GERMBEER.HTM

                [1987 European Court of Justice case. 

Foreign competitors had complained for decades about the unfairness of the German law and an almost

identical one in Greece (EEC case 176/84), demanding that it favored domestic manufacturers and denied

foreign businesses access to profitable domestic beer markets, especially in Germany.  The European Court

of Justice ruled in March, 1987 that the German Beer Purity Law created intra-European trade barriers, in

direct violation of the Rome Treaty (Article 30, banning protectionism).]

 

 

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“A Brain In The Gut.” NISE. [Online] Retrieved December 4, 2000.

                http://whyfiles.org/026fear/physio1.html (Note: Two brains are better than one, especially if you're hungry)

 

 “Answers to the 66 Questions of Holocaust Deniers.” Jewish Student OnLine Research Center (JSOURCE).  Copyright © 1998 The American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise [Online] Retrieved November 25, 2000

http://www.us-israel.org/jsource/Holocaust/denial1.html

                (Note: The page has some good information.  Printed 28 pg)

 

Ball, Terrence and Richard Dagger. “Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal.” New York. Longman. 1998 [Online] December 10, 2000

http://www.cla.wayne.edu/polisci/krause/Comparative/SOURCES/fascism.htm  

                [Note: Mussolini, Benito (1883-1945), Joseph-Arthur de Gobineau, Houston Stewart Chamberlain, Ludwig Woltmann, Kant, Hitler]

                [“race was the key to the rise and fall of great civilizations”   - printed 15 pgs.  This quote from pg. 9.] [1900-1998] Fascism

 

“Biographical Note”. Lafayette Collection of Carl A. Kroch Library, Cornell University, NY. [Online] Retrieved November 24, 2000 

http://rmc.library.cornell.edu/frenchrev/Lafayette/bio.html

                (Note: Printed 3 pg. (1757-1834))

 

“Birth and demise of the ancient Olympics.” [Online] Retrieved December 5, 2000

http://www.sosfo.or.kr/olympic/4_1.htm  (Note:  1370, 776 BC – 500 AD)

 

Blunden, Andy.  “Western Philosophy.” [Online] Retrieved December 4, 2000

http://csf.colorado.edu/mirrors/marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/help/collect.htm

                (Note: Defines American Philosophy as Pragmatist “If it works then it is true.”  Blunden’s definition of

Philosophy – is not Western but Marxist as an underlying theme, it is still decent, abet limited.)

 

Blunden, Andy.  “Perception under the Microscope.” [Online] Retrieved December 4, 2000

http://csf.colorado.edu/mirrors/marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/help/percept.htm

 

“Birth and demise of the ancient Olympics.” [Online] Retrieved December 5, 2000

 http://www.sosfo.or.kr/olympic/4_1.htm  (Note:  1370, 776 BC – 500 AD)

 

“Books about Intersexuality.”  [Online] Retrieved December 28, 2000 http://www.isna.org/bibliographies/bookshelf.html

                (Note: ambiguous genitalia, external genitalia, internal gonads to different mental conceptions.)

 

Colburn, Alan. “Spontaneous Generation.” [Online] Retrieved December 4, 2000

http://www.csulb.edu/~acolburn/Spontaneous_Generation.htm

“Spontaneous generation enjoyed popular support for another 200 years, bolstered by philosophical movements predicated on the teachings of Immanuel Kant and others

 

Dauben, Joseph. “Marx, Mao, and Mathematics: the Cultural Revolution and Nonstandard Analysis in China.” [Online] Retrieved November 24, 2000 

http://www.ifa.au.dk/ivh/kollokvier/joseph_dauben_07_10_99.dk.html

                (Note:  in 1949 when Mao became leader of China he was greatly influenced by both Hegel and Marx.

Printed 2 pg. (1818-1883   1893-1976).)

 

Davidson, Michael W. “Janssen's Microscope.” (1998-2000.) [Online] Retrieved December 4, 2000

 http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/museum/janssen.html

 

DeLong, J. Bradford. “Slouching Towards Utopia?: The Economic History of the Twentieth Century.  Alternatives to Capitalism and Democracy.” (1997). [Online] Retrieved November 04, 2000

http://econ161.berkeley.edu/TCEH/Slouch_Alternatives12.html

                (Note:  That summarizes the major followers (in the 1900’s) of “economic” theory based on

              population. Printed 14 pg. (1818  - 1945))

 

Fosl, Peter S. “A Philosophical Chronology.” Transylvania University Philosophy Program. [Online] Retrieved December 5, 2000

http://www.transy.edu/homepages/philosophy/chronology.html 

 

Franklin, Benjamin. “Observations Concerning the Increase of Mankind, Peopling of Countries, etc.” (1751). [Online] Retrieved November 24, 2000

http://bc.barnard.columbia.edu/~lgordis/earlyAC/documents/observations.html

                (Note: Printed 2 pg. (1706-1790))

 

Garraty,  John A. “The American Nation” New York: Addison-Wesley, 1998.

                (Note: reference p. 669 “The Psychological Care of Infant” (1928) by Watson who was former president

of the American Psychological Association and current vice-president of the important J. Walter

Thompson advertising agency. (1878-1958))

 

Gershon, Michael D. “The Enteric Nervous System:  A Second Brain.” (1999.) McGraw-Hill. [Online]

http://www.hosppract.com/issues/1999/07/gershon.htm

                (Noter: Once dismissed as a simple collection of relay ganglia, the enteric nervous system is now

 recognized as a complex, integrative brain in its own right.)

 

Godfrey, Neale S. “Money Doesn’t Grow on Trees.” NewYork: Fireside.  1994

 

Gold, Thomas. "The Deep Hot Bioshpere," [Online] Retrieved 1999

http://www.people.cornell.edu/pages/tg21/ 

                The Theory of Unlimited Oil

 

Hall, Theodore D. “The Scientific Background of the Nazi “Race Purification” Program, US & German Eugenics, Ethnic Cleansing, Genocide, Population Control…” . (1995-1998). [Online] Retrieved October 09, 2000

http://www.trufax.org/avoid/nazi.html

                (Note:  Hitler, Darwin, Lamarck, Haeckel, Lyell, Rousseau, Sparta, Wallace, Brackman, Malthus, Jost,

Popper, Denton, Spencer, Bernhardi, Lebensraum, Lenz, Weimar, Davenport, Harriman, Galton,

Binding, Hocke, Mayr. Printed 17 pg. (Ortes to Nazi))

 

Hartley, Mariette“Lecture On John B. Watson.” (1990). [Online] Retrieved

http://www.sonoma.edu/people/daniels/Watson.html

                (Note: This appears to be the Prologue to “Breaking the Silence” (1990) Putnam or (1991) Penguin. 

Written by John B. Watson’s granddaughter Mariette Hartley, this prologue gives a insight into what

type of man conceived the ideas that Behaviorist debate, if you have researched Skinner you will see a

radically different approach to children.  Watson seems to be more of Kinsey’s type of thinking.  Printed

13 pg.)

 

“HIGHLIGHTS OF HUNGARIAN HISTORY.” JOHN HUNYADI: Hungary in American History Textbooks.

[Online] Retrieved November 26, 2000 http://www.hungary.com/corvinus/lib/hunyadi/hu02.htm

“…Bocskay, Stephen, Hung. Bocskay István., 1557?-1660, Hungarian noble, voivode (1604-6) and prince (1605-6) of Transylvania. Seeking to secure the independence of TRANSYLVANIA, he supported his nephew, Prince Sigismund BATHORY, first against the pro-Turkish, then against the pro-Hapsburg, factions of nobles. Sigismund having abdicated (1602) in favor of the king of Hungary (Emperor Rudolf II)…”

(Note:  From Greece, Rome and beyond; Blood sacrifices were not only part of these Western philosophies and religions but a part of the world philosophies and religions as well.  Some how the human being gradually acquired a higher standard of behavior, it took hundreds of years and is still being debated as to what that standard should be.  World philosophies seem to have temporally been ruled by the ideas of Ortes and Malthus, yet these ideas are becoming dusty as the 21st century knowledge of bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms are showing that man is not an omnipotent being, but lives by the grace of bacteria.  Bacteria seem to be what digests our food, not the bile.  This means that humans live by the grace and savagery of bacteria, fungi, and the balance of microorganism diversity.

                Here are some examples of human “savagery”, when reading these consider what could have happened when microorganisms went out of control in the time before the microscope.  Vampire symptoms and plague symptoms are amazingly alike.  (c840-1660))

 

Horchak , Doug. “How Did Life Begin?” (2000.) [Online] Retrieved December 4, 2000

http://www.ucg.org/articles/gn29/lifebegin.html

                (Davies states: "Important though this demonstration was, Pasteur's conclusion came into direct conflict

with Darwin's theory of evolution. Darwin's celebrated tome On the Origin of Species, which had been

published just three years before Pasteur's experiments, sought to discredit the need for God to create the

species by showing how one species can transmute into another. But Darwin's account left open the

problem of how the first living thing came to exist" (1999, p. 83, emphasis in original).

 

“Human Right Awards Span Battles From Nazi Child Euthanasia To Violence In Our Schools Today.” [Online] Retrieved November 7, 2000

http://www.cchr.org/event/31anni/index.htm

                (Note: Refers to Germany’s Hereditary Act and a lot more,) (Mrs. Manthey sent a chilling warning: "By

maneuvering themselves into a position of power, advising the government and providing false

diagnoses for what they claimed was a social disease, psychiatrists achieved their goal of eliminating

people they considered hereditarily diseased. It is a mechanism for which we must remain constantly

alert. After all, German psychiatrists have yet to take full responsibility for their predecessors’ crimes."

Printed 3pg.)

 

“Influence of Malthus and Darwin on the European Elite.” Leading Edge Research Group. (1995). [Online] Retrieved October 09, 2000 

http://www.trufax.org/avoid/nazi.html

                (Note:  Refers to Darwin being puzzled by how geography was such an important factor in speciation.

                - Malthus, Darwin, Burke, Louis XVI, George III, Godwin, Rousseau, Godwin, Paine, Townshend,

                Freud, T.H. Huxley, Hobbesian, Weismann, Roux, Macbeth, Thomas, Mayr, Denton, Dix, Bernhardi,

                Kropotkin, Hess, Lifton, Barzun. Printed 8 pg. (1766-1834   1809-1882))

 

Kallen, Horace. “The Civil Bible.” (1956). [Online] Retrieved November 24, 2000 

http://www.tncrimlaw.com/civil_bible/index.html

 

Kotulak, Ronald.  “Inside The Brain.”  Missouri.  1996.

 

LeVay, Simon. “Queer Science The Use and Abuse of Research into Homosexuality.” (1996). [Online] Retrieved December 28, 2000

http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/style/longterm/books/chap1/queerscience.htm 

                (Note: This is just the first chapter but seems to be an interesting book if you are curious about the

history of the homosexual idea and what seems to have influenced Fliess and Freud.  Covers Hirschfeld,

Ulrichs. Printed 18 pg.,  (1825-1935))

 

Mallick, Heather “Immaculate deception .” [Online] Retrieved December 26, 2000

http://www.canoe.ca/JamBooksReviewsS/spermwars_baker.html

(Note: Review of “SPERM WARS: THE SCIENCE OF SEX.” Robin Baker. (1996) HarperCollins.)

 

Malthus, Thomas. “From Essay on the Principle of Population.” [Online] November 24, 2000 

http://www.cooper.edu/humanities/classes/coreclasses/hss3/t_malthus.html

                (Note: Printed 3 pg. (1766-1834))

 

Marx, Karl.  “Capital.” (1867). Vol 1, Part 7, Chap 25, footnote #6. [Online] Retrieved November 24, 2000 

http://csf.colorado.edu/cgi-bin/mfs/28/csf/web/psn/marx/Archive/1867-C1/Part7/ch25.htm?5466#S5?5466

                (Note:  Footnote on Malthus in Capital. Printed There were over 58 pg. To this one link. (1818-1883))

 

Montague, Peter. “Columbus Day, 1999.”

http://www.rachel.org/bulletin/bulletin.cfm?Issue_ID=1591   (Note: (1451-1506))

 

Montgomery, Dennis. “Captain John Smith.” [Online] Retrieved December 4, 2000

http://www.history.org/other/journal/smith.htm

 

"Readings for U.S. History 2nd Edition." Senior Editor Dr. Michael A. White. Kendall/Hunt, Dubuque, Iowa (c) 1992.

Excerpt "John Smith Before Jamestown"  by Johnson, Ludwell H., III. about 1601 pgs.47-64

In the 1630 book "The True Travels, Adventures, and Observations of Captaine John Smith in Europe, Asia, Africa and America" "John Smith was now about to plunge into the nightmare world of eastern Europe:  where Catholics fought Protestants, or Turks, and Protestants fought Turks, or Catholics, or renegade mercenaries, or all three: where Germans fought Hungarians or Turks or Both: where Hungarians were sometimes both Austrian allies and Turkish vassals."

    "This was a world where the Austrian emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, Rudolph II, relieved his chronic insanity with periodic fits of uncontrollable rage; where Sigismund Bathory, Prince of Transylvania, of a family long-tainted with madness, abdicated and reclaimed his throne no fewer than three times' where his cousin Elizabeth, with the tran-sylvanian penchant so reminiscent of Count Dracula, indulged in beauty baths that

ultimately took the blood, and lives, of 650 young women."

    "It was a place where incessant warfare and banditry brought desolation, famine, familial cannibalism, and other unspeakable horrors; where lucky prisoners wee enslaved, the less lucky butchered, and the luckless skinned alive."

                (Note: Seems as if history was a bit bloody.  Reference the previous links under the 1400’s for Bathory Re: Vldar the Impailer (1580-1631))

 

Raloff, Janet. “Marine epidemiology comes of age.” Science News (Jan 30, 1999) [Online] Retrieved Jan 2000

http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1200/5_155/54031959/p1/article.jhtml 

            Sea Sickness.(pollution, algae blooms, and climate change affect coral reefs and other marine organisms)

            Marine epidemiology comes of age Nor is bleaching the only threat to corals. Increasingly, Cervino points out, these colonies

                are also exhibiting infections, tumors, and "obscure" lesions. "We've been going to photos of corals from as far back as the

1930s," he says, and find no sign of many of these diseases.

 

Reisman, Judith. “Kinsey Crimes and Consequences.”  (1998) [Online] Retrieved December 27, 2000

http://www.rsvpamerica.org/1sthlfofchapt2.htm

(Note:  Chapter Two from “Kinsey : Crimes & Consequences the Red Queen & the Grand Scheme by

Judith A. Reisman”)(by Lanning~Shipton: I believe this shows that Kinsey was interested in control and

seems to believe that sex; no matter the age is a means of control.  I believe that age is ‘Physical,

Chronological, Mental, and Emotional’ there is the potential that as you try to raise on age such as

mental that your emotional age can temporally decrease. Printed 16 pg. (1894-1956))

http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0966662407/ref=sim_books/104-1858867-6634348

 

Saetz, Stephen B. “Eugenics and the Third Reich.” (1985) [Online] Retrieved December 16, 2000

http://www.eugenics.net/papers/3rdreich.html   (Note: printed 19 pg. (1939-1942))

 

Smart, Laurence D. “Will Creation Scientists take us Back to the Dark Ages?” [Online] Retrieved December 5, 2000

http://www.unmaskingevolution.com                             

(Note: The Dark Ages (approx. 400-1000 AD) was a difficult time for Europe. The barbarians had destroyed the Roman Empire and lawlessness reigned in the countryside. There was no scientific progress during this time, as the scholars and their books had been burnt, so society was in a backward state. Adding to the general misery were the many plagues, plus the Moslem Arab conquest of Europe in AD 622.

The Arab scholars within the Islamic Empire who followed the teachings of the Greek physician Galen (AD 130-200) and the Greek philosopher Aristotle (BC 384-322), became the masters of science. The classical works of the Greeks (that had been destroyed) had been preserved in Arabic so they were translated into Latin and were made available to the European scholars. As a result of this infusion, the errors of these two Greeks would hinder scientific progress for the next thousand years.

During this time Roman Catholicism provided the only source of education. They began universities in England and Europe, so over a long period of time educated men rose up, however, they were trained in the wisdom of the Greeks. By the twelfth century, scribes had reproduced many of the Greek books, and by AD 1200 the more advanced works of Aristotle (such as "On the Soul", "Physics" and "Metaphysics") became available to Western scholars. Through these, the ideas of the Greeks (Aristotle in particular), became widely entrenched among Western thinkers.)

 

Smart, Laurence D. “Will Creation Scientists take us Back to the Dark Ages?” [Online] Retrieved December 5, 2000

 http://www.unmaskingevolution.com

                (Note: The Dark Ages (approx. 400-1000 AD) was a difficult time for Europe. The barbarians had destroyed the Roman Empire and lawlessness reigned in the countryside. There was no scientific progress during this time, as the scholars and their books had been burnt, so society was in a backward state. Adding to the general misery were the many plagues, plus the Moslem Arab conquest of Europe in AD 622.

                The Arab scholars within the Islamic Empire who followed the teachings of the Greek physician Galen (AD 130-200) and the Greek philosopher Aristotle (BC 384-322), became the masters of science. The classical works of the Greeks (that had been destroyed) had been preserved in Arabic so they were translated into Latin and were made available to the European scholars. As a result of this infusion, the errors of these two Greeks would hinder scientific progress for the next thousand years.

                During this time Roman Catholicism provided the only source of education. They began universities in England and Europe, so over a long period of time educated men rose up, however, they were trained in the wisdom of the Greeks. By the twelfth century, scribes had reproduced many of the Greek books, and by AD 1200 the more advanced works of Aristotle (such as "On the Soul", "Physics" and "Metaphysics") became available to Western scholars. Through these, the ideas of the Greeks (Aristotle in particular), became widely entrenched among Western thinkers.)

 

 

Smitha, Frank. “Welcome to World History.” [Online]  Retrieved December 21, 2000

 http://www.fsmitha.com/index.html

 

Sobel, Rachel K. “The wisdom of the gut.” April 3, 2000 [Online] Retrieved December 4, 2000

http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/000403/gut.htm

(For reasons that still mystify researchers today, the stunning results of this experiment went into

hibernation for nearly half a century and are only now receiving fresh validation. Indeed, no one in

medicine paid attention again until a fledgling neurobiologist began touting its clinical value in 1965. "The

idea that the gut can be operating its own nervous system was shocking," recalls Michael Gershon, now

chair of the department of anatomy and cell biology at Columbia University and author of The Second

Brain, a 1998 account of the acceptance of this scientific idea. Since the 1980s, Gershon's colleagues have

zealously embraced the notionof "the little brain in the gut," as it's affectionately known. "What Mother

Nature had done, rather than packing all of those neurons in the big brain in the skull and sending long lines

to the gut, is distribute the microcomputer, the little brain, right along with the gut," says Jackie Wood, a

neurobiologist at Ohio State University.)  Printed 2 pgs.

                [Note: In 1917 A Gernam scientist Paul Trendelenburg found out about a self-contained, self-

regulating nervous system that operates independently of the cranial brain or spinal cord, embedded in the

wall of the gut.  By the year 2000 it was found out that there are mast cells embedded in the lining of the

gut, and that the gut brain has at least 30 neurochemicals that are the same as the ones in the crainial brain. 

IBS is not imagined, or a psychosomatic cranial mental problem but can be caused by the “little brain”

causing chronic abdominal pain, discomfort, and irregular bowel movements to the nerves or little brain in

the gut. ]

 

Sobel, Rachel K. “The wisdom of the gut.” Science & Ideas 4/3/00 [Online] Retrieved December 5, 2000

http://www.drkoop.com/news/stories/september/r/nausea.html

                (Note: Those butterflies in your stomach are not just in your mind)

 

Swift, Jonathan. “A Modest Proposal” [Online] Retrieved December 5, 2000

http://members.aol.com/Fever1793/ch2.html 

(Note: [a refute to Ortes?] 1747 Philadelphia had its own yellow fever epidemic)    

 

Tarpley, Webster. “Giammaria Ortes: The Decadent Venetian Kook Who Originated The Myth of “Carrying Capacity”.” (1994).  [Online]. Retrieved October 15, 2000

 http://members.tripod.com/~anerican_almanac/ortes.htm

                (Note:  Gives a good overview of Ortes and the Venetian world he lived in.  Printed 14 pg. (1713-1790))

 

“The Blood Countess, Erzabet Bathory of Hungary.” [Online] Retrieved November 26, 2000

http://www.whataslacker.com/backdoor/elizabeth_bathory/   (Note: (1560- ))

 

“The Biography of Vlad III Dracula the Impaler (1431-1476)” [Online] Retrieved November 26, 2000

http://www.dracula.freeuk.com/vlad-1.html   (Note: (1400’s))

 

“The Last Two Million Years.” London.: The Reader’s Digest Association. 1973.

 

“The OMEGA File German Economic “Miracle”.”  [Online]  Retrieved November 6, 2000 

http://www.eaglehost.com/omega/omega25.htm

                (Gives an idea that this is a lot larger than the Germans and the Holocaust, yet to not be able to

                place Germany in relation to what happened makes it hard to follow other leads.  Refers to “Martin

                Bormann, Nazi in Exile” by Paul Manning and has an extensive list of citations.)

 

“The Nabataeans: Between Two Great Hellenistic Empires.” [Online]  Retrieved December 20, 2000

http://www.ancientsites.com/~Epistate_Philemon/newspaper/Nabataea.html

                (Note: Jerusalem, Egypt, and Bedouins – it appears that Islam is not the original Bedouin philosophy. (580BC – 636AD))

 

“Timeline of Western Philosophy.” The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. [Online]  Retrieved December 22, 2000

http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/westtime.htm

                (Note: Gives name of Philosophers that I had not considered.)

 

“Travels of John Smith.” [Online] Retrieved December 4, 2000

http://www.jamestowne.org/Travels.htm

 

Wade, Carole & Carol Tavris. “Psychology” 4th edition. New York: Harper Collins. 1996.

(Note: References and defines many different Psychological ideas and their development.)

 

Wallenmaier, Thomas E. “Introduction to Philosophy.” [Online] Retrieved December 21, 2000

http://www.philosophyclass.com/introduction.htm

                (Note: An individual’s site on philosophy.)

 

Washington, George. “Letter to the Jewish Congregation in Newport Rhode Island.” (1790). [Online] Retrieved November 24, 2000

http://www.tncrimlaw.com/civil_bible/hebrew_congregation.htm

(Note: Printed 1 pg. (1790))

 

“World Affairs.” [Online] Retrieved December 21, 2000

                http://www.lepg.org/affairs.htm       

                (Note: Covers Spain, England, Papacy and Italian States, Germany and Eastern Europe, Russia, Ottoman

Empire. (1534-1536))

 

Wozniak, Robert H. “John Broadus Watson and Psychology from the Standpoint of a Behaviorist.” (1997). [Online] Retrieved November 25, 2000

                http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Psych/rwozniak/watson.html

                                (Note: “Watson's approach is generally non-reductive. Thus, for example, in discussing emotion,

he suggests that "It is perfectly possible for a student of behavior entirely ignorant of the sympathetic

nervous system and of the glands and smooth muscles, or even of the central nervous system as a whole,

to write a thoroughly comprehensive and accurate study of the emotions..."[23} 22. Watson, J.B. (1919).

Psychology from the Standpoint of a Behaviorist. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co. 23. Ibid., p. 195.” ) –

(addition from Lanning~Shipton. The previous statement would be laughed at by many advertising and movie people that realize the whole set and the (whole) human bodies on the set have to be taken into

account.  They realize that the movement of the whole body is indicative of how the scene will be

understood.  Watson seems to believe that body language and group understanding of that language has

no basis in how someone is perceived.  Watson seems to be working on some kind of individual mental

programming. Printed 7 pg.)

 

Young, Robert M. “Darwin and the Genre of Biography.” (1987). [Online] Retrieved November 23, 2000 

http://www.shef.ac.uk/uni/academic/N-Q/psysc/staff/rmyoung/papers/paper48h.html

                (Note:  a summary of Darwin that shows how Terkel, Fraser, Newton, Manuel, Hessen, Edel, James, Eliot, Marx, Gay, Marat, Proust, Newton, Marx, Eliot, Freud, Edison, Nelson, Haight, Spencer, Clark, Malthus, Engels, Gruber, Smith, Vorzimmer, Herbert, Schweber, Kohn, Paley, Beer, LeMahier, Bowler, Ospovat, Mayr, Ghisehn, Young, Oldroyd, Evans, Lyell, Butler, Bacon, Churchill, Strachey, Nightengale, Klein, Grosskuth, Moore, Lubbock, Avebury, Bannerman, Temple, Colp, Manuel, Kakar, Taylor, Jardin, Ford, Freud, Michelangelo, VanGogh, Luther, MalcolmX, Proust, Kafka, Dickinson, Ellmann, Freud, Darwin, West, Copernicus, Galileo, Newton, Freud, Einstein, Godel, Wiener, Turing. Printed 13 pg.  (1809-1882))

               

 

Additional Reading

 

Mirror Site. “All About Alexis de Tocqueville.” [Online] November 24, 2000

http://www.tocqueville.org/chap1.htm.  Source of the Mirror Site: "A Passion for Liberty: Alexis de Tocqueville on Democracy and Revolution" by Andrew J. Cosentino; Library of Congress, Washington, (1989). http://www.loc.gov/   (Note:  (1805-1859))

 

“Philosophical Biographies Mathematics & Physics 1841 – 1905.”  Marxists.Org. [Online] Retrieved November 06, 2000

http://csf.colorado.edu/mirrors/marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/help/physic0.htm 

                (note: Covers Helmholtz, Cantor, Peirce, Boltzmann, Mach, Poincare. Printed 17 pg. (1724   -   1955))

 

http://abbc.com/aaargh/engl/technical/GRonVPa.html

 

 “Philosophy definition.” [Online] Retrieved December 21, 2000

http://www.dictionary.com/cgi-bin/dict.pl?db=*&term=philosophy

                (Note: An extensive definition of what philosophy is.)

 

“Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.”  [Online] Retrieved December 21, 2000

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/stoicism/

 

 “Welcome to the Caribbean Religion Center.” [Online] Retrieved November 26, 2000

http://www.nando.net/prof/caribe/caribbean.religions.html

(Note: Voodoo in Haiti, Santeria in Cuba, Puerto Rico and New York.)

 

Kinsey and Our Culture         May 1999 [Online] Retrieved November 01, 2000

www.cwfa.org/library/education/1999-05_pp_kinsey.shtml .

Pederasts, encouraged by the homosexual victory and armed with Kinsey’s reports legitimizing child-sex and adult-child sex, are engaged in a protracted battle to lower the age-of- consent laws. "Sex before eight or it’s too late," is the motto of the René Guyon Society. The British Pedophile Information Exchange (P.I.E.) advocates that it be reduced to age four.35 Dr. Sigmund Freud considered homosexuality "an arrest of sexual development" and "intergenerational sex," or pedophilia, as "cowardly" and a "substitute" sexual practice for "impotent" people. However, "a nationally recognized expert on sex offenders. . . stated that pedophilia. . . may be a sexual orientation rather than a sexual deviation. [This] raised the question as to whether pedophiles may have rights."36 Spokesmen for the North American Man-Boy Love Association (NAMBLA) have quoted Kinsey extensively in arguing for the right to have sex with underage boys. If pedophilia is no longer classified as a mental disorder and the

              age-of-consent laws are lowered, how will we protect our children?  Parental authority is now being challenged by feminists and pedophiles clamoring for "children’s rights": the right to privacy, the right to association, the right to family planning services. . . What about the child’s right to grow up without being exploited? How can a four- year-old child possibly enter into a consensual               relationship with an adult or even another child? As a society, we have already determined that children are not ready to be drafted, allowed to smoke, drink or even to run for President of the United States. Sex is no different.

 

Stegosaurus' Second Brain [Online] Retrieved December 1, 2000

                http://www.arts-letters.com/dino2/ency/DINOTHRY04.html

                   For many years it was believed that Stegosaurus, which had a walnut-sized brain in its head,

                   had a second brain in its tail that was responsible for "hindquarters" thinking.                      

 

National Institute for Science Education (NISE) [Online] Retrieved December 1, 2000

http://www.wcer.wisc.edu/NISE/

 

About NISE -- the National Institute for Science Education and NSF National Science Foundation [Online] Retrieved December 1, 2000

                http://whyfiles.org/welcome/nisensf.html

 

In order by subject

About the second brain

 

“A Brain In The Gut.” NISE. [Online] Retrieved December 4, 2000.

                http://whyfiles.org/026fear/physio1.html (Note:Two brains are better than one, especially if you're hungry)

 

Gershon, Michael D. “The Enteric Nervous System:  A Second Brain.” (1999.) McGraw-Hill. [Online] Retrieved December 4, 2000 

http://www.hosppract.com/issues/1999/07/gershon.htm

                (Noter: Once dismissed as a simple collection of relay ganglia, the enteric nervous system is now

recognized as a complex, integrative brain in its own right.)

 

Sobel, Rachel K. “The wisdom of the gut.” Science & Ideas 4/3/00 [Online] Retrieved December 4, 2000

http://www.drkoop.com/news/stories/september/r/nausea.html

                (Note: Those butterflies in your stomach are not just in your mind)

 

Colburn, Alan. “Spontaneous Generation.” [Online] Retrieved December 4, 2000

http://www.csulb.edu/~acolburn/Spontaneous_Generation.htm

“Spontaneous generation enjoyed popular support for another 200 years, bolstered by philosophical movements predicated on the teachings of Immanuel Kant and others. Kant believed that reason was superior to observation, where the truth could be reasoned to, while observation only provided minimal understanding of nature.

                As the teachings of Kant fell from favor and the time of Darwin approached, the idea of spontaneous generation began to fall from popular favor. The religious institutions of the mid 1800’s were bothered by one of the consequences of spontaneous generation. Perhaps Redi put it best when he said "I shall express my belief that the Earth, after having brought forth the first plants and animals at the beginning by order of the Supreme and Omnipotent Creator, has never produced any kinds of plants or animals, either perfect or imperfect; and everything which we know in past or present times that she has produced, came solely from the true seeds of the plants and animals themselves, which thus, through means of their own, preserve their species." Interpretations of spontaneous generation indicated that life could appear without the hand of God, which prompted many scientists to study the doctrine.

                Enter French scientist Louis Pasteur, the man credited by modern texts as ending the debate and refuting the doctrine of spontaneous generation. By 1862 when he wrote his first memoirs concerning spontaneous generation, Pasteur was already a popular and prominent scientist due to his discoveries of bacterial fermentation and the process we now know as pasteurization.”